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病历翻译-中医辨证论治

发布者:鑫达医学翻译 发布时间:2012-02-18 8:50:52 阅读:

    辨证论治是中医认识和治疗疾病的基本原则,是中医学对疾病的一种特殊的研究和处理方法,也是中医学的基本特点之一。
    所谓“辨证”,就是分析、辨别、认识疾病的证候。“论治”就是根据辨证的结果,确立相应的治疗法则。辨证是决定治疗的前提和依据;论治是治疗疾病的手段和方法,也是对辨证是否正确的检验。辨证和论治,是诊治疾病过程中相互联系不可分割的两部分,是理论和实践相结合的体现。
    辨证论治之所以是中医学的一个特点,是因为它既不同于一般的“对症治疗”,也不同于现代医学的“辨病治疗”。一个病的不同阶段,可以出现不同的证候;不同的疾病,在其发展过程中可能出现同样的证候。因此,同一疾病可能出现不同的证候;不同的疾病,在其发展过程中可能出现同样的证候。因此,同一疾病的不同证候,治疗方法就不相同;而不同疾病只要证候相同,就可以运用同一治疗方法。由此可见,“辨证”的“证”,是疾病的原因、部位、性质以及致病因素和抗病能力相互斗争情况的概括。 摘自《中医英语》
    Treatment determination based on syndrome differentiation, one of the essential features of TCM, played a pivotal role in TCM for the diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases. Also, it is a specific research and treatment method TCM.
    Syndrome differentiation includes analysis, differentiation and diagnosis of certain syndromes of a disease. Treatment determination includes decisions on an appropriate therapeutic measure based on the syndrome differentiation. Syndrome differentiation is basis for determining treatment. Treatment determination involves the means to treat disease, and also includs examination of whether syndrome differentiation is correct or not. Syndrome differentiation and treatment determination are inseparable during diagnosis and treatment of a disease, demonstrating the combination of theory and practice.
    Treatment determination based on syndrome various from common symptomatic treatment and treatment according to different disease in modern medicine. In different stages of a disease, there may appear different syndromes while the same syndrome may appear in different diseases. Therefore, different syndromes in one disease should be treated by different treatments. With regard to different diseases with the same syndrome, the same treatment method can be applied. It should be noted that syndrome is a summary of the cause, nature of a disease, and a situation of mutual conflict between pathogenic factors and resistance.


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