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如何准确把握专业术语的准确性?

发布者:鑫达医学翻译 发布时间:2013-09-26 8:50:52 阅读:

医学翻译中术语的把握不能单靠一对一的文字对应,而应在理解句子或段落的基础上,找寻最合适的表述方式,进而实现中文与英文间的准确、流利切换。以下列举一个样例,如下文中的专注期与分散期。如不做深度的文献检索与术语掌握,恐怕很难做到想到Inside your head与Outside your head。从这个实例看,医学翻译中一对一的翻译往往有时候达不到“雅”的效果,译者资深要多做一些练习,多在专业上下工夫。
原文

专注期:当某一运动员处于专注期时,其想法或任务单一,可能脑海中仅想着一首特殊的歌曲。 我训练的其中一名运动员讲到其在竞赛中不停地数数。当然,她处于专注期。
该状态下,运动员仅专注于他们的竞赛或计划,就像被蒙上眼睛的马一样对外界置若罔闻。 在竞赛中,他(她)会按照其计划比赛,而不会关注同台竞争的其他人。
有时,我们认为其处于某个区域,脑海中形成一种旋律。一首歌有助于运动员脑海中某一旋律的形成。 运动员专注于除竞赛任务的艰巨或竞赛距离外的事情。他们试图忽略竞赛的痛苦与压力,以保证高效完成竞赛任务。
分散期:当一名运动员处于分散期时,他(她)会关注竞赛任务、竞赛条件及周边环境,此外,也清楚自己的机能状态(是否在完成竞赛前的训练计划)。该运动员在训练与竞赛中发挥竞赛策略。竞技分配与得分位置检查点尤为重要。竞赛的策略是主要因素。
运动员要确保结束竞赛任务,并且不需要任何改变。他们会仔细倾听教练的建议。
我们分析合适专注期会对运动员机体性能产生积极影响与消极作用。随后,我们对分散期的积极影响或消极作用进行分析。


译文

Inside Your Head : When an athlete is “inside their head” they often have a single thought or mission, or perhaps even a particular song, in their thoughts. I even had an athlete who said she counted during a race. She was certainly inside her head.
During this state the athlete is concentrating only on their own race and their plan; kind of like a horse with blinders on. The athlete does what he or she intends to do in the race and doesn’t concern themselves with the competition.
Sometimes this is described as being in a zone, being in a rhythm. Certainly a song can help with rhythm. The athlete is trying to think about anything other than the enormity of the assignment or the length of the race. They are trying to ignore the pains and stress of focused racing in an attempt to be as efficient as possible in their task.
Outside Your Head : When an athlete is “outside their head” they are acutely aware of the competition, the conditions and circumstance of the race, and also how functional they are (whether or not they are on-task to the pre-race goals). This athlete is exercising race strategy against both the course and the competition. Splits and scoring position checkpoints are critical. Racing strategy against the competition is a key element.
This athlete wants to be sure that he/she is getting the job done and that they are leaving nothing to chance. They listen to coaching advice very keenly. Let’s examine together situations when it’s beneficial to be “inside your head” and when it can hurt your performance.  


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