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SCI论文编译样例

发布者:鑫达医学翻译 发布时间:2013-04-03 8:50:52 阅读:

很多研究者在撰写Introduction部分时,往往不能明确的表述出为什么要从事该项研究的目的。主要原因还是对国内外研究背景的认识不足,很多作者提到对国内的研究进展很熟悉,但是由于很少阅读国外文献,所以不清楚国外的研究进展。在这里,我们借助以下一个例子阐述SCI论文introduction的写作过程:

原文:
糖尿病肾病(Diabetic nephropathy, DN)是常见的糖尿病微血管病变之一,是糖尿病的严重并发症和主要死亡原因。DN早期改变以肾小球高滤过、肾小球肥大为主,继之以系膜区扩张、基底膜增厚为特征。近年来基础研究均证实慢性炎症参与了糖尿病发生、发展,认为糖尿病是一种自然免疫和慢性低度炎症性疾病。临床研究表明,红景天具有抗炎、抗病毒和抗氧化等多种作用。本研究旨在通过观察红景天提取物对糖尿病大鼠早期肾脏病变的干预作用, 探讨红景天提取物防治DN的作用及其机制, 为防治 DN 提供新思路。

很明显,原文的信息量很少,并没有按照标准的Introduction写作规程进行。标准的写作规程包括以下几个部分:
1. 介绍背景知识,此处就是介绍DN的相关情况,包括发病特征及诱因。
2. 介绍当前的研究背景,介绍其他研究进展,并表述其中存在的问题。
3. 阐述本文的目的。

根据以上内容,整理的译文如下:
Diabetic nephropathy (DN), characterized by glomerular hyperfiltration, glomerular enlargement, mesangial expansion and extracellular matrix accumulation, was a major reason for diabetic microangiopathy. It was a severe complication for DM and caused great threat to human race. Recently, diabetes was considered a disease of natural immunity and chronic low-grade inflammation as inflammation contributed to the development of DM.

Rhodiola rosae is a plant of the Crassulaceae family that grows in cold regions. It is a perennial herb or subshrub which is commonly used medicinal plant in the plateau regions of China. Its medical values have been described in the ancient Chinese medical books, such as Shennong’s Herbal, Compendium of Materia Medica, Medical Canon in Four Sections and Jing Zhu Materia Medica. However, its pharmacologic actions were gradually discovered only after 1950s at the terms of anti-anoxia, anti-fatigue, resist radiation, anti-virus, anti-tumor, activating blood circulation and improving memory abilities. Moreover, its function in lowering blood sugar has attracted more and more attention these days. And one of these studies showed R. rosae extract could improve the glomerular basement membrane accumulation in rats.

In this study, the function and mechanism of R. rosae extract for the prevention of DN was investigated by analyzing its intervention on the early renal tissues in DM rats, which could offer new strategies for the prevention and treatment of DN.


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