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医学SCI论文翻译样例

发布者:鑫达医学翻译 发布时间:2013-10-10 8:50:52 阅读:

SCI论文的Introduction部分看似平淡,实则是非常关键的!该部分不仅仅是罗列事实,而是对既往研究结果的一种概述,并且在此基础上找出一些问题或存在的不足。而重点的则是,在结合这些问题或不足的情况下,阐述自己论文的重要性。试想按两种方案来撰写我们的Introduction。方案如下
1. 上来就写,我们首次得到了什么结果,意义重大!

2. 对既往同行的研究结果或某一领域做个概述,找出大家现在关注的问题,我们的研究能为这些问题提供哪些有用的信息。

很显然,相当一部分人的论文是按照第一种套路来进行。整个Introduction都在渲染结果的重要意义,却不得要领。最可行的方法是与既往研究做个比较。而第二种方案是标准的SCI论文撰写格式,只要这样写,才能突出自己研究的意义,审稿人才能理解透彻。而不会觉得某一项研究的立意太随便。

下面列举一个实例进行阐述。

原文

糖尿病肾病(Diabetic nephropathy, DN)是常见的糖尿病微血管病变之一,是糖尿病的严重并发症和主要死亡原因。DN早期改变以肾小球高滤过、肾小球肥大为主,继之以系膜区扩张、基底膜增厚为特征。近年来基础研究均证实慢性炎症参与了糖尿病发生、发展,认为糖尿病是一种自然免疫和慢性低度炎症性疾病[1]。临床研究表明,红景天具有抗炎、抗病毒和抗氧化等多种作用[此处添加参考文献]。本研究旨在通过观察红景天提取物对糖尿病大鼠早期肾脏病变的干预作用, 探讨红景天提取物防治DN的作用及其机制, 为防治 DN 提供新思路!

点评:第一种格式。

按照第二种格式修改如下:

Diabetic nephropathy (DN), characterized by glomerular hyperfiltration, glomerular enlargement, mesangial expansion and extracellular matrix accumulation, was a major reason for diabetic microangiopathy. It was a severe complication for DM and caused great threat to human race. Recently, diabetes was considered a disease of natural immunity and chronic low-grade inflammation as inflammation contributed to the development of DM [1]. 

Rhodiola rosae is a plant of the Crassulaceae family that grows in cold regions. It is a perennial herb or subshrub which is commonly used medicinal plant in the plateau regions of China. Its medical values have been described in the ancient Chinese medical books, such as Shennong’s Herbal, Compendium of Materia Medica, Medical Canon in Four Sections and Jing Zhu Materia Medica. However, its pharmacologic actions were gradually discovered only after 1950s at the terms of anti-anoxia, anti-fatigue, resist radiation, anti-virus, anti-tumor, activating blood circulation and improving memory abilities [2-5]. Moreover, its function in lowering blood sugar has attracted more and more attention these days. And one of these studies showed R. rosae extract could improve the glomerular basement membrane accumulation in rats [6].

In this study, the function and mechanism of R. rosae extract for the prevention of DN was investigated by analyzing its intervention on the early renal tissues in DM rats, which could offer new strategies for the prevention and treatment of DN.
部分参考文献
[1] Li XJ and Shao YH. Diabetes mellitus is a kind of inflammation disease. Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2003, 19 (4):251-253. Article in Chinese

[2] Qian EW, Ge DT and Kong SK. Salidroside promotes erythropoiesis and protects erythroblasts against oxidative stress by up-regulating glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;133 (2): 308-14.

[3] Zhu J, Wan X, Zhu Y, et al. Evaluation of salidroside in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity. Drug Chem Toxicol. 2010 ;33 (2): 220-6.

[4] Hu X, Lin S, Yu D, et al. A preliminary study: the anti-proliferation effect of salidroside on different human cancer cell lines. Cell Biol Toxicol. 2010; 26 (6): 499-507

[5] Zhang Z, Liu J, Shang X, et al. The effect of Rhodiola capsules on oxygen consumption of myocardium and coronary artery blood flow in dogs. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 1998 Feb;23(2):104-6. Article in Chinese

[6] Jin XN, Song BH, Jia YJ, et al. Protective effects of the ethanol extract of Rhodiola rosea on blood glucose and structural changes of kidney in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Journal of Medical Science Yanbian University. 2009,32(4):241-243. Article in Chinese

 
 

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